Position Paper on Solid Oxide Cells by the AFC TCP

Solid oxide cells (SOCs) enable flexible storage of renewable electricity and provide the best available efficiency for decentralized production of sustainable heat and power in applications scaling from one kW up to several MW. The position paper gives answers to the current status of technology and what SOC offers for the future.

Due to the flexible operation in different modes and the usability of carbon containing gasses or fuels, SOCs provide solutions to numerous energy challenges under many different local, geographic, and political conditions. They help to integrate a high degree of energy production from renewable sources such as wind and solar into energy systems, to reduce CO2 emissions,and to reduce the carbon footprint of energy production towards carbon neutral concepts. SOC technology integrates solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and solid oxide electrolysers (SOE) which are based onidentical ceramic technology.

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The Technology Collaboration Programme on the Research, Development and Demonstration on Advanced Fuel Cells (Advanced Fuel Cells Technology Collaboration Programme, AFC TCP) functions within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The activities of the AFC TCP are coordinated by the IEA’s Working Party on Energy End-use Technologies (EUWP). Views, findings and publications of the AFC TCP do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of its individual member countries.