The share of renewable energy reached 42.1% in gross electricity consumption and 17.1% in final energy consumption at the end of 2019 in Germany. Meanwhile, emissions of greenhouse gases were reduced from 1,251 million tCO2eq in 1990 to 805 million tCO2eq in 2019 . In all of the three categories mentioned above, the 2020 targets were either already achieved or are in sight.
Massive and rapid efforts are required to achieve the set targets by 2050. In June 2020, The Federal Government published the National Hydrogen Strategy assigning a key role to green hydrogen in terms of enhancing and completing the energy transition:
1) As an energy source to be used in fuel cells or to produce synthetic fuels;
2) As an energy storage medium to store renewable energy;
3) Playing a key role for sector coupling to decarbonize the energy supply;
4) As a base substance to decarbonize industrial production;
5) To eliminate process-related emissions in the long term.
The National Hydrogen Strategy sets a number of goals and ambitions. It is estimated that 90 to 110 kWh hydrogen will be needed by the year 2030. Part of this demand can be covered by establishing up to 5 GW generation capacity, delivering 14 TWh hydrogen using 20TWh renewable electricity, assuming 70% electrolysis efficiency and 4000 full-load hours. Additional 5 GW capacity is to be added by the year 2035, latest 2040. With these numbers, it is clear that the domestic green hydrogen production can not meet the demand and most of the hydrogen needs to be imported.
The National Strategy also defines a two-phase action plan. The first phase until 2023 aims to start the market ramp-up and the second phase until 2030 aims to strengthen the market ramp-up by stabilizing the newly emerging national market, moulding the European and the international dimension of hydrogen and using hydrogen in the national industry. The “package for future” from June 3, 2020, adopted by the Coalition made additional 7 billion Euros for speeding the market rollout of hydrogen in Germany and 2 billion Euros for fostering international partnerships. It must be noted here, that these funds come on top of the already existing funds. Finally, the National Hydrogen Strategy includes 38 measures for the first phase until 2023. These can be classified under hydrogen production (4 measures), fields of application (15 measures), infrastructure and supply (3 measures), research, education and innovation (7 measures), European activities (4 measures) and international hydrogen market (5 measures).
Further fuel cell highlights from the presentation included:
- Cost-efficient and climate-friendly transformation strategies for the German Energy System up to 2050 (Forschungszentrum Jülich),
- Coupling concentrated solar energy with high temperature electrolyzer (DLR),
- 10 m² Photovoltaics / Electrolysis cell demonstrator on the test field (Forschungszentrum Jülich),
- PEFC research highlights including extending the range of PEFCs towards 130 °C, modified Pt catalysts for and operando XAS study of HT-PEFCs (University of Bayreuth),
- Generating digital twins by stochastic 3D microstructure modeling (Ulm University and Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin),
- Post-test analysis from long term SOFC stack testing up to 100,000 h (Forschungszentrum Jülich),
- 86 public hydrogen refueling stations as of November 2020, with additional 4 in planning, 6 in approval phase, 1 in execution phase and 9 in trial operation phase  (H2 Mobility),
- Fuel cell propulsion system for railcars (vka of RWTH Aachen University with project partners),
- Recent announcements from automotive industry concerning hydrogen-based fuel cell trucks for long-haul (Daimler and MAN), , 
- New material types for moulding final designs of bipolar plates for electrolysers and fuel cells (Eisenhuth),
- Gas diffusion layers (sgl carbon),
- Production technology for metal bipolar plates, scaling from prototyping up to the series (Graebener).
 German Environment Agency,  BMWi, The National Hydrogen Strategy  H2 Mobility,  Daimler Truck AG,  MAN Newsroom